Exploring Optimization Synergies: Neural Networks and Differential Evolution for Rock Shear Velocity Prediction Enhancement

  • Fares Chanane Independent Researcher, Algeria
  • Mohamed Ben Miloud University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, USA
  • Aymen Ammar Aix-Marseille Université, Marseille, France
Keywords: Mchine learning, Fracture porosity, Optimisation, Tigh rocks, Ahnet

Abstract

Accurate prediction of rock shear velocity is paramount for various applications, including geothermal energy extraction, CO2 storage, hydrogen storage, and geomechanics. This study introduces an innovative approach to rock shear velocity prediction by integrating neural networks optimized through the differential evolution algorithm. The dataset comprises critical well-logging parameters, including depth, gamma ray, photo-electric factor, neutron porosity, and density. Neural networks are trained to model intricate relationships between these well-logging parameters and rock shear velocity. The application of the differential evolution optimization algorithm, with tuned parameters (population size: 50, crossover probability: 0.8, differential weight: 0.9, and convergence criteria: 0.001), refines neural network parameters. This fine-tuning optimizes the model's ability to capture nuanced variations associated with diverse geological formations, strategically balancing exploration and exploitation within the optimization process. Validation against a comprehensive dataset reveals a notable improvement in rock shear velocity prediction accuracy compared to traditional methods, with an average increase of 15%. Results demonstrate the synergistic effect of specific well-logging parameters and the strategic configuration of differential evolution parameters. A detailed analysis of the differential evolution process highlights how the algorithm explores the solution space, guiding the neural network toward more optimal configurations. The enhanced predictive performance is attributed to the differential evolution algorithm's ability to efficiently search the parameter space, adjusting neural network weights and biases. The population-based approach, governed by the crossover probability and differential weight, facilitates a dynamic exploration of potential solutions. The convergence criteria ensure the algorithm refines the neural network until a satisfactory predictive model is achieved, reducing convergence time by 20%. This research contributes a robust tool to the geophysical community, facilitating precise subsurface structure characterization. The strategic inclusion and optimization of well-logging parameters, coupled with an insightful adjustment of differential evolution parameters, underscore the method's effectiveness in real-world geological contexts. The proposed approach proves valuable for resource exploration, reservoir management, and geological risk assessment, marking a significant advancement in rock shear velocity prediction methodologies.

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Published
2024-05-15
Section
Articles